Defining And Exploring Abnormal Behavior

Abnormal behavior- Behavior that is deviant, maladaptive, or personally distressful over a relatively long period of time

Theoretical Approaches to Psychological Disorders

Biological Approach: It attributes psychological disorders to organic, internal causes. This approach primarily focuses on the brain, genetic factors, and neurotransmitter functioning as sources of abnormality.

Psychological Approach: This approach emphasizes the contributions of experiences, thoughts, emotions, and personality characteristics.

Sociocultural Approach: This approach emphasizes the social contexts in which a person lives. This includes an individual’s gender, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, family relationships, and culture.

Biopsychosocial Model: When all the approaches and factors are a combination with one another.

Anxiety Disorders

Anxiety disorders- Psychological disorders involving fears that are uncontrollable, disproportionate to actual danger the person might be in, and disruptive of ordinary life.

Types of Anxiety Disorders

Generalized anxiety disorder- Psychological disorder marked by persistent anxiety for at least six months and in which the individual is unable to specify the reasons for anxiety.

Panic disorder- anxiety disorder in which the individual experiences recurrent, sudden onsets of intense apprehension or terror, often without warning and with no specific cause.

Phobic disorder- anxiety disorder characterized by an irrational, overwhelming, persistent fear of a particular object or situation.

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)- Anxiety disorder in which the individual has anxiety provoking thoughts that will not go away and/or urges to perform repetitive, ritualistic behaviors to prevent or produce some future situation.

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)- Anxiety disorder that develops through exposure to a traumatic event that has overwhelmed the person’s abilities to cope.